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What is a Certificate of Origin?

A Certificate of Origin (also known as cert of origin or CO) is an official document that certifies the country where goods originated. It serves as proof of origin and is often required in international trade to determine eligibility for preferential tariff treatment under trade agreements or to comply with import regulations of the importing country.

When is required a statement of origin?

A statement of origin, often in the form of a letter of origin or a statement of origin form, is typically required when exporting goods internationally. It is necessary for customs clearance and to ensure compliance with trade agreements and regulations. Importing countries may request a statement of origin to verify the country of origin declared on the goods.

What do I need to request a manufactured certificate of origin?

To request a manufactured certificate of origin, you will typically need documentation proving the origin of the goods. This may include invoices, bills of lading, packing lists, and any other relevant documentation. Additionally, you may need to provide information about the manufacturing process and materials used to determine the country of origin.

What determines the country of origin?

The country of origin is determined by various factors, including where the goods were produced, manufactured, or assembled. It is not solely based on where the goods were shipped from or where the seller is located. Factors such as the origin of materials, labor, and production processes all contribute to determining the country of origin. Compliance with specific rules of origin outlined in trade agreements or customs regulations is essential in determining the accurate country of origin for goods.

Types of Certificates of Origin

  1. Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin
    This type of certificate is used to certify the origin of goods for general trade purposes, without any preferential treatment. It is typically required for customs clearance and compliance with import regulations.
  2. Preferential Certificate of Origin
    This certificate is issued to certify the origin of goods eligible for preferential treatment under trade agreements or special arrangements between countries. It allows goods to benefit from reduced or zero tariffs when imported into the destination country, promoting trade between countries.